Physical attributes and organic matter in soils with different use/management cultivated with the main crops in the Cerrado of western Bahia, Brazil

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15361/1984-5529.2020v48n4p386-395

Resumo

Given the importance of agriculture in western Bahia and the conserving natural resources, this study evaluates soil aggregation, soil organic matter, and soil density in the most important crops in that region. Seventeen areas with different management were sampled: five areas cultivated with soybean (Glycine max L.), two cultivated with maize (Zea mays L.), two cultivated with cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.), two cultivated with eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp.), four with pasture, one with crop-livestock integration, two cultivated with coffee (Coffea arabica L.), and two areas of preserved Cerrado. Cotton cultivation was the one that most affected soil aggregation, even under no-tillage. For soybean, no-tillage improved soil aggregation in comparison to conven­tional tillage. Soil density increased significantly in cultivated areas in comparison to areas in equilibrium. The no-tillage system proved to be efficient in maintaining soil organic matter in soybean growing areas.

Biografia do Autor

Heliab Bomfim Nunes, Universidade do Estado da Bahia

Colegiado de Eng. Agronômica, laboratório de física do solo

Joaquim Pedro Soares Neto, Universidade do Estado da Bahia (UNEB)

Eng. Agricola, lotado  Colegiado de Eng. Agronômica. Área:  manejo de solo.

Vandayse Abades Rosa, Agropecuária Oeste

Extensão rural

Aline dos Santos de Carvalho, Universidade Federal de Goias

Mestranda em Agonomia

Publicado

22/12/2020

Edição

Seção

Solos e Nutrição de Plantas - Soils and Plant Nutrition