Phenological characterization and development of fava beans

Autores

  • Francinalva de Moraes Sousa
  • Luiz Evaldo de Moura Pádua
  • Gilson Lages Fortes Portela Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciências e Tecnologia do Piauí
  • Mônica de Sousa
  • Luzineide Fernandes de Carvalho

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15361/1984-5529.2017v45n4p379-382

Resumo

Fava bean (Phaseolus lunatus L.) is a crop of social and economic importance in the Northeast region of Brazil. However, this crop usually has low yields due to inadequate management. Based on the above, this work describes the phenology and development of 'Moita' fava beans in the municipality of Teresina-PI. The experi­ment was installed at the Colégio Técnico de Teresina da Universidade Federal do Piauí, in the municipality of Teresina-PI, from July to October 2014. The experiment occupied an area of 200 m2. Seeds of 'Moita' fava bean were cultivated, with a specific growth habit. The spacing used was 1 m between rows and 0.5 m between plants. Five replicates were used, each containing 10 plants. The cultivar 'Moita' of fava beans presents on average eighteen stages of development, being twelve vegetative stages and six reproductive stages. From sowing to the R1 stage (pre-flowering), 41.26 days were required and from R1 to R6 (maturation of the first pod), another 47.88 days. The maturation of the pods is not uniform, from the beginning to the end of the harvest were 24 days. The fava-bean plant has average height of 14.12 cm when in V1 (first open trifoliate leaves) and reaches on average 78.29 cm in height in the R6.

Biografia do Autor

Gilson Lages Fortes Portela, Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciências e Tecnologia do Piauí

Engenheiro Agrônomo, Mestre em Agronomia, Doutorado em Agronomia, professor do IFPI Campus José de Freitas

Arquivos adicionais

Publicado

07/11/2017

Edição

Seção

Fitotecnia - Crop Production