Desempenho agronômico de alface cultivada em sistema aquapônico sob diferentes densidades de estocagem de tilápia

Autores

  • Lucas da Silva ALVES Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp).
  • Lucas José Coneglian BARBOSA
  • Bruno Rafael De Almeida MOREIRA
  • Victor Hugo CRUZ
  • Leonardo Susumu TAKAHASHI
  • Celso Tadao MIASAKI
  • Paulo Renato Matos LOPES

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5016/1984-5529.2024.v52.1418

Resumo

A cultura da alface representa a hortaliça folhosa mais cultivada e preferida no Brasil. Todavia, há escassez de informações científicas que atestem o potencial produtivo desta cultura em sistemas aquaponicos. Portanto, objetivou-se avaliar o desempenho de alface cultivada em sistema aquapônico NFT sob diferentes densidades de estocagem de tilápia-do-Nilo (Oreochromis niloticus). O experimento foi realizado em esquema fatorial 4x3, contendo 3 repetições, correspondente a: variedades de alface (A – Lídia, B – Elisa, C – Vanda e D – Milena) e densidades de estocagem (D1 – 30, D2 – 60 e D3 – 90 peixes m-3). Após a colheita, avaliaram-se os indicadores de desempenho agronômico: altura de planta (AP), diâmetro de parte aérea (DPA), número de folhas (NF), massa fresca foliar (MFF) e radicular (MFR), massa seca foliar (MSF) e radicular (MSR), e produtividade (PDT). Também foram monitorados os parâmetros de água como oxigênio dissolvido (OD) e pH, além da temperatura da casa de vegetação (ΔT). Foram aplicados aos conjuntos de dados, testes de normalidade, homoscedasticidade variância e comparações múltiplas (todos à 5% de probabilidade). As variedades lisas (Lídia e Elisa) apresentaram maiores valores de DPA e NF, conferindo uma característica relevante ao consumo in natura. As variedades crespas (Vanda e Milena) conferiram maior PDT, características relevantes para o processamento agroindustrial. A densidade de estocagem intermediária (D2) proporcionou melhor desempenho das alfaces e uma qualidade de água apropriada. Logo, concluiu-se que as variedades de alface cultivadas em sistema aquapônico apresentaram diferentes aptidões mercadológicas e, que a densidade de estocagem de 60 peixes m-3 proporcionou maior rendimento agronômico às alfaces.

Referências

Abbey M, Anderson NO, Yue C, Schermann M, Phelps N, Venturelli P, Vickers Z (2019) Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) production in northern latitudinal aquaponic growing conditions. HortScience 54(10):1757-1761. doi: 10.21273/HORTSCI14088-19

Ahmed HA, Yu-Xin T, Qi-Chang Y (2020) Optimal control of environmental conditions affecting lettuce plant growth in a controlled environment with artificial lighting: a review. South African Journal of Botany 130:75-89. doi: 10.1016/j.sajb.2019.12.018

Ajitama P, Effendi H, Hariyadi S (2018) Usage of fisheries rearing waste for butterhead lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. capitata) cultivation in recirculation. Nature Environment and Pollution Technology 17(1):145-151.

Al-Tawaha AR, Al-Karaki G, Al-Tawaha AR, Sirajuddin SN, Makhadmeh I, Wahab PEM, Youssef RA, Al Sultan W, Massadeh, A (2018) Effect of water flow rate on quantity and quality of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) in nutrient film technique (NFT) under hydroponics conditions. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science 24:793-800.

Ani JS, Manyala JO, Masese FO, Fitzsimmons K (2022) Effect of stocking density on growth performance of monosex Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in the aquaponic system integrated with lettuce (Lactuca sativa). Aquaculture and Fisheries 7(3):328-335. doi: 10.1016/j.aaf.2021.03.002

Ani JS, Masese FO, Manyala JO, Fitzsimmons K (2021) Assessment of the performance of aquaponics and its uptake for integrated fish and plant farming in Sub-Saharan Africa. Africa Environmental Review Journal 4(2):123-138.

Bosma RH, Lacambra L, Landstra Y, Perini C, Poulie J, Schwaner MJ, Yin Y (2017) The financial feasibility of producing fish and vegetables through aquaponics. Aquacultural Engineering 78:146-154. doi: 10.1016/j.aquaeng.2017.07.002

Brzezinski CR, Abati J, Geller A, Werner F, Zucareli C (2017) Production of cultivars of iceberg lettuce under two cropping systems. Revista Ceres, 64(1), 83-89. doi: 10.1590/0034-737x201764010012

Casadei E, Bacha AL, Rodrigues JS, Santos RT, Alves PLCA, Filho ABC (2020) Redroot pigweed interference with lettuce crop. Planta Daninha 38:e020222945. doi: 10.1590/s0100-83582020380100058

Castillo-Castéllanos D, Leal-Zavala I, Ruiz-Velasco JMJ, Radilla-Garcia A, Nieto-Navarro JT, Romero-Bañuelos CA, González-Hernández J (2016) Implementation of an experimental nutrient film technique-type aquaponic system. Aquaculture International 24:637-646. doi: 10.1007/s10499-015-9954-z

Colt J, Schuur AM (2021) Comparison of nutrient costs from fish feeds and inorganic fertilizers for aquaponics systems. Aquacultural Engineering 95:102205-102214. doi: 10.1016/j.aquaeng.2021.102205

Diem TNT, Konnerup D, Brix H (2017) Effects of recirculation rates on water quality and Oreochromis niloticus growth in aquaponic systems. Aquacultural Engineering 78:95-104. doi: 10.1016/j.aquaeng.2017.05.002

Doncato KB, Costa CSB (2023) Macronutrients of brown and green water types of bft systems may behave differently during recirculation in saline aquaponics. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, 66: e23210542. doi: 10.1590/1678-4324-2023210542

Effendi H, Wahyuningsih S, Wardiatno Y (2017) The use of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) cultivation wastewater for the production of romaine lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. longifolia) in water recirculation system. Applied Water Science 7(6):3055-3063. doi:10.1007/s13201-016-0418-z

Estrada-Perez N, Hernandez-Llamas A, Ruiz-Velazco JMJ, Zavala-Leal I, Romero-Bañuelos CA, Cruz-Crespo E, Juárez-Rossete C, Domínguez-Ojeda D, Campos-Mendoza A (2018) Stochastic modelling of aquaponic production of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) with lettuce (Lactuca sativa) and cucumber (Cucumis sativus). Aquaculture Research 49(12):3723-3734. doi: 10.1111/are.13840

Fallovo C, Rouphael Y, Rea E, Battistelli A, Colla G (2009) Nutrient solution concentration and growing season affect yield and quality of Lactuca sativa L. var. Acephala in floating raft culture. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 89(10):1682-1689. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.3641

Gashaw B, Haile S (2020) Effect of different rates of N and intrarow spacing on growth performance of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) in Gurage Zone, Wolkite University, Ethiopia. Advances in Agriculture 2020:7364578-7364583. doi: 10.1155/2020/7364578

Geisenhoff LO, Jordan RA, Santos RC, Oliveira FCD, Gomes EP (2016) Effect of different substrates in aquaponic lettuce production associated with intensive tilapia farming with water recirculation systems. Engenharia Agrícola 36(2):291-299. doi: 10.1590/1809-4430-Eng.Agric.v36n2p291-299/2016

Greenfeld A, Becker N, Bornman JF, Angel DL (2021) Identifying potential adopters of aquaponic farming. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 1(1):1-19.

Heise J, Müller H, Probst AJ, Meckenstock RU (2021) Ammonium Removal in Aquaponics Indicates Participation of Comammox Nitrospira. Current Microbiology 78:894-903. doi: 10.1007/s00284-021-02358-3

Hernández-Naranjo R, Neri-Ramírez E, Astudillo-Sánchez C, Delgado-Martínez R, Rivera-Ortíz P, Vázquez-Sauceda M (2021) Producción de lechuga (Lactuca sativa L.) irrigada con efluentes de tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) en un sistema acuapónico, Revista Mexicana de Agroecosistemas 8:69-76.

Hu J, Jia W, Wu X, Zhang H, Wang Y, Liu J, Yang Y, Tao S, Wang X (2022) Carbon dots can strongly promote the photosynthesis in lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.). Environmental Science:Nano. doi: 10.1039/D1EN00948F

Jordan RA, Geisenhoff LO, Oliveira FC, Santos RC, Martins EAS (2018) Yield of Lettuce grown in aquaponic system using different substrates. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola Ambiental 22(1):27-31. doi: 10.1590/1807-1929/agriambi.v22n1p27-31

Kasozi N, Tandlich R, Fick M, Kaiser H, Wilhelmi B (2019) Iron supplementation and management in aquaponic systems: A review. Aquaculture Reports 15:100221-100230. doi: 10.1016/j.aqrep.2019.100221

Lavres J, Rabêlo FHS, Capaldi FR, Reis AR, Rossi ML, Franco MR, Azevedo RA, Abreu-Júnior CH, Nogueira NL (2019) Investigation into the relationship among Cd bioaccumulation, nutrient composition, ultrastructural changes and antioxidative metabolism in lettuce genotypes under Cd stress. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 170:578-589. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2018.12.033

Lima AF, Silva AP, Rodrigues APO, Bergamin G, Torati L, Pedroza Filho MX, Maciel P (2013) Qualidade da água: piscicultura familiar. Embrapa Pesca e Aquicultura-Fôlder/Folheto/Cartilha (INFOTECA-E).

Maucieri C, Nicoletto C, Junge R, Schmautz Z, Sambo P, Borin M. (2018) Hydroponic systems and water management in aquaponics: a review. Italian Journal of Agronomy, 13(1), 1-11. doi: 10.4081/ija.2017.1012

Monsees H, Suhl J, Paul M, Kloas W, Dannehl D, Würtz S (2019) Lettuce (Lactuca sativa, variety Salanova) production in decoupled aquaponic systems: same yield and similar quality as in conventional hydroponic systems but drastically reduced greenhouse gas emissions by saving inorganic fertilizer. PLOS ONE 14(6):e0218368- e0218390. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0218368

Moya EAE, Sahagún CAA, Carrillo JM, Alpuche PJA, Álvarez‐González CA, Martínez‐Yáñez R (2014) Herbaceous plants as part of biological filter for aquaponics system. Aquaculture Research 47:1716-1726. doi: 10.1111/are.12626

O'Gorman EJ, Ólafsson ÓP, Demars BO, Friberg N, Guðbergsson G, Hannesdóttir ER, Jackson MC, Johansson LS, Mclaughlin OB, Olafsson JS, Woodward G, Gíslason GM (2016) Temperature effects on fish production across a natural thermal gradient. Global Change Biology 22:3206-3220. doi: 10.1111/gcb.13233

Oliveira RPC, Silva PC, Brito PP, Gomes JP, Silva RF, Silveira Filho PR, Roque R.S. (2010) Variáveis hidrológicas físico-químicas na criação da tilápia-do-nilo no sistema raceway com diferentes renovações de água. Ciência Animal Brasileira, 11(3):482-487. doi: 10.5216/cab.v11i3.3847

Otto RF, Reghin MY, Niesing PC, Rezende BLA (2010) Yield response of lettuce under protect cultivation with no woven films. Bragantia 69:855-860. doi: 10.1590/S0006-87052010000400010

Palm HW, Knaus U, Appelbaum S, Goddek S, Strauch SM, Vermeulen T, Haїssam JM, Kotzen B (2018) Towards commercial aquaponics: a review of systems, designs, scales and nomenclature. Aquaculture International 26(3):813-842. doi: 10.1007/s10499-018-0249-z

Pattillo DA (2017) An overview of aquaponic systems: hydroponic components. NCRAC Technical Bulletins 123:1-10.

Pinho SM, Flores RMV, David LH, Emerenciano MGC, Quagrainie KK, Portella MC (2022) Economic comparison between conventional aquaponics and FLOCponics systems. Aquaculture 552:737987-737994. doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2022.737987

Pinho SM, Mello GL, Fitzsimmons KM, Emerenciano MGC (2018) Integrated production of fish (pacu Piaractus mesopotamicus and red tilapia Oreochromis sp.) with two varieties of garnish (scallion and parsley) in aquaponics system. Aquaculture International 26(1):99-112. doi: 10.1007/s10499-017-0198-y

Pinho SM, Molinari D, Mello GL, Fitzsimmons KM, Emerenciano MGC (2017) Effluent from a biofloc technology (BFT) tilapia culture on the aquaponics production of different lettuce varieties. Ecological Engineering 103:146-153. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2017.03.009

Rakocy JE (2007) Ten guidelines for aquaponic systems. Aquaponics J 46: 14-17.

Rayhan MZ, Rahman MA, Hossain MA, Akter T, Akter T. (2018) Effect of stocking density on growth performance of monosex tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) with Indian spinach (Basella alba) in a recirculating aquaponic system. International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology, 3(2): 239073. doi: 10.22161/ijeab/3.2.5

Ren Q, Zhang L, Wei Y, Li D (2018) A method for predicting dissolved oxygen in aquaculture water in an aquaponics system. Computers and electronics in agriculture 151:384-391. doi: 10.1016/j.compag.2018.06.013

Resende GM, Costa ND, Yuri JE, Mota JH (2017) Adaptação de genótipos de alface crespa em condições semiáridas. Revista Brasileira de Agricultura Irrigada 11(1):1145 - 1154. doi: 10.7127/rbai.v11n100553

Sosa A, Padilla J, Ortiz J, Etchevers JD (2012) Biomass accumulation and its relationship with the demand and concentration of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in lettuce. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 43:121-133. doi: 10.1080/00103624.2012.634695

Sreejariya P, Raynaud T, Dabbadie L, Yakupitiyage A (2016) Effect of water recirculation duration and shading on lettuce (Lactuca sativa) growth and leaf nitrate content in a commercial aquaponic system. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 16(2):311-319. doi: 10.4194/1303-2712-v16_2_11

The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2020: FAO, 2020. Disponível em: <http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/ca9229en> (Acesso em 25 fev 2022).

Vannucchi-Decicino M, Sala FC, Ferreira MD, Spoto MHF, Verruma-Bernardi MR (2017) Physical-chemical analysis and preference of Rubinela and Pira Roxa lettuces. Revista Brasileira de Produtos Agroindustriais 19:241-245.

Wongkiew S, Hu Z, Chandran K, Lee JW, Khanal SK (2017) Nitrogen transformations in aquaponic systems: a review. Aquacultural Engineering 76:9-19. doi: 10.1016/j.aquaeng.2017.01.004

Wortman SE (2015) Crop physiological response to nutrient solution electrical conductivity and pH in an ebb-and-flow hydroponic system. Scientia Horticulturae, 194:34-42. doi: 10.1016/j.scienta.2015.07.045

Yanes AR, Martinez P, Ahmad R (2020) Towards automated aquaponics: a review on monitoring, IoT, and smart systems. Journal of Cleaner Production, 263:121571. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.121571

Zhang Y, Zhang Y, Li Z (2022) A new and improved aquaponics system model for food production patterns for urban architecture. Journal of Cleaner Production 342:130867-130878. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2022.130867

Downloads

Publicado

13/04/2024

Como Citar

ALVES, L. da S. .; JOSÉ CONEGLIAN BARBOSA, . L.; RAFAEL DE ALMEIDA MOREIRA, B. .; HUGO CRUZ, . V. .; SUSUMU TAKAHASHI, . L.; TADAO MIASAKI, C. .; RENATO MATOS LOPES, P. . Desempenho agronômico de alface cultivada em sistema aquapônico sob diferentes densidades de estocagem de tilápia. Científica, Dracena, SP, v. 52, 2024. DOI: 10.5016/1984-5529.2024.v52.1418. Disponível em: https://cientifica.dracena.unesp.br/index.php/cientifica/article/view/1418. Acesso em: 18 jul. 2024.

Edição

Seção

Horticultura - Horticulture

Artigos mais lidos pelo mesmo(s) autor(es)